Evolution of Robotics

Robots are a contemporary innovation! People who think this way will be surprised. The first robot was built in the ancient world. In our gallery, we have compiled the evolution of robotics.


Ancient world: Greek engineer and mathematician Hero builds a mechanical play, powered by a binary-like system of ropes and knots. The mechanical play is regarded as the original robot. Photo: Ilona Burgarth - SZ-Grafik 1769: Wolfgang von Kempelen builds the so-called Mechanical Turk, which appears to be a computer capable of playing chess. What nobody at the time knows, however: A person operates it from within the machine, controlling the automation. Photo: Volker Hartmann - ddp Czech author Karel Čapek coins the term 'robot' through his theater piece "Rossum's Universal Robots". Photo: Popperfoto - Getty Images 1959: The prototype of the Unimate #001 is implemented by General Motors in vehicle production for the first time. Photo: SSPL - Getty Images 1966: The first mobile robot enters the market. Shakey is able to plan its own actions and move around in space. It also reacts to commands. Photo: Ralph Crane - Getty Images 1968: The Tentacle Arm is born at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It is capable of lifting a person. NASA develops it further for aerospace applications. Photo: Picasa, Montage: Frieser 1985: Flakey is developed at SRI International's Artificial Intelligence Center. This robot can move in unacqainted environments and follow simple voice demands. Photo: SRI 1993: Honda constructs the P1 robot, the first humanoid robot. It is able to operate switches and open doors. Photo: Honda 1996: After the P1, Honda set to work developing the P2. This robot is capable of walking on uneven surfaces without external assistance, and climb stairs. Its arms can be moved by remote control. Photo: Honda 1997: The P3 follows on the heels of the P2. It can lift objects while squatting, and stand on one leg. In the same year, the first robot lands on Mars - the Sojourner. It moves around the Martian surface and takes samples. Photo: Honda 2000: Honda unveils the robot model Asimo. It can carry items weighing up to 500 grams in each hand, walk on uneven terrain and even uphill. In addition, it can understand up to 50 voice commands. Photo: Honda 2004: A nanorobot is tested at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. It is to be used in medicine, moving around the bloodstream. Photo: ETH Zürich 2011: Apple presents Siri. The voice recognition software has been a staple of the iPhone operating system ever since. Photo: Paul Sakuma - Picture Alliance 2014: The robot hitchBOT hitchhikes across Canada, Germany and the Netherlands. It was developed at the Ryerson University in Toronto. Photo: Stephan Savoia - Picture Alliance


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